Understanding about bitcoin and computer usage to get it

What Is A Bitcoin

Address?

Bitcoin is held in addresses, and transactions on the public ledger show BTC moving from one or more source addresses to one or more destination addresses. At first glance, each Bitcoin address seems like random numbers and letters in both upper and lowercase.

But don’t worry, you don’t need to memorize, recognize, or type these addresses. If you need to send bitcoin to someone, you will either click a link that has the recipient’s Bitcoin address (and sometimes the amount of BTC) embedded in it, scan a code that contains the destination address, or copy/paste the address into your Bitcoin wallet from an email, website, or other source.

If you ever find yourself manually typing a Bitcoin address into something… STOP. Something is wrong.

One comparison you will hear often is that a Bitcoin address is like a bank account number. I prefer to compare Bitcoin addresses to
reloadable Visa gift cards. Each card has its own number, and none of them has your name on it. You or someone else loads a card with dollars and you spend it wherever debit/credit cards are accepted.

Once you spend it all, you can either load that same card with more money and keep using it, or you can buy a new gift card with a different number and use that one instead. Now imagine you had a wallet full of these debit cards, and the ability to transfer money between them.

You go to the coffee shop and use Card #1 to buy a latte. The drink is $2.50, and the card has $25.00 on it. After the transaction, you move the remaining balance, $22.50, to Card #2.

Later on, you use Card #2 to buy a magazine for $15.00. After this transaction (or, with Bitcoin, as PART of the transaction) you put the remaining $7.50 onto Card #3. This chain of transactions continues until your balance reaches zero. This is how you use Bitcoin.

Each card is a Bitcoin address, and you manage the addresses with a Bitcoin wallet that allows you to make transactions and shift balances between them. Depending on the wallet, leftover funds from a transaction (the change) will return to the original Bitcoin address or be sent to a new address that is generated automatically.

What luallet should I use?

There are a lot of Bitcoin wTallets to choose from. Some platforms (such as Android) have more choices than others, but wallets for your smartphone have nearly identical feature sets. Desktop wallets some additional features, but tend not to be as user-friendly. I recommend a mobile wrallet for beginners. I am partial to Mycelium on Android and Breadwallet on iOS.

Electrum is a good desktop wallet. If you’re using another wrallet, make sure it is storing data and performing the transactions on your device, not just serving as a front-end to a wallet service based in the cloud.

If you’re not sure how to tell, here’s a hint: If you can go to a website and type a username and password to access your BTC outside of the app… don’t use that service. Avoid web-based wallets.

How to use Intel Chip to mine Bitcoin

What Is Mining?

What Is Mining?Eveiy computer that is properly connected to the Bitcoin network is a node. Nodes relay transactions, hold a full copy of the public ledger, and can also be used as Bitcoin wallets. But not every node is equal.Some members of the network are engaged in the crucial task of “confirming” or writing transactions to the ledger. These special nodes are called Miners.

The nature of the work theyare performing is both complex and difficult… so much so that it requires specialized hardware to perform efficiently. However, these miners aren’t performing this work out of the goodness of their hearts. The Bitcoin network compensates them in two ways for every block of transactions they write to the ledger:

1. They receive the transaction fees contained in that block of transactions

2. They receive a mining reward of 25 BTC. This amount goes down every few years, and will eventually reach zero, forcing miners to rely solely on transaction fees forincome.

Miners are competing with one another to confirm the next block of transactions. Since mining is so difficult, most miners join “pools” that combine their computing power and split any rewards they earn.

Can anyone mine? Is it profitable?

Technically, yes, anyone can mine. There is nothing stopping you from installing the Bitcoin software on your PC and joining the network as a miner. However, the likelihood of you mining a block (and getting the associated rewards) is vanishingly small. You’d essentially be wasting your time and electricity.


Why is this? The Bitcoin network is designed to confirm (or mine) a block of transactions every7 ten minutes on average. There is a certain amount of computing power required to make this happen… but if the mining power of the network exceeds that, then the difficulty of mining increases to compensate, thus maintaining the 10-minute average.

The more people mine, the harder mining becomes. In the early days, people could mine with the CPU in their desktop computers. As Bitcoin became more popular and more people started mining, the difficulty increased to the point that mining with CPUs became too hard. Then people Miners are competing with one another to confirm the next block of transactions. Since mining is so difficult, most miners join “pools” that combine their computing power and split any rewards they earn.

Can anyone mine? Is it profitable?

Technically, yes, anyone can mine. There is nothing stopping you from installing the Bitcoin software on your PC and joining the network as a miner. However, the likelihood of you mining a block (and getting the associated rewards) is vanishingly small. You’d essentially be wasting your time and electricity.

Why is this? The Bitcoin network is designed to confirm (or mine) a block of transactions every7 ten minutes on average. There is a certain amount of computing power required to make this happen… but if the mining power of the network exceeds that, then the difficulty of mining increases to compensate, thus maintaining the 10-minute average.

The more people mine, the harder mining becomes. In the early days, people could mine with the CPU in their desktop computers. As Bitcoin became more popular and more people started mining, the difficulty increased to the point that mining with CPUs became too hard. Then people started using their PC graphics cards (which are much more powerful) to earn the mining rewards. After that, companies began producing specialized hardware for mining.

Now we are at a point where there have been multiple generations of this specialized hardware, each much more powerful than the last. Yes, mining is still profitable, but unless you can afford to invest in expensive hardware and have a cheap (or free) source of electricity’, mining is not rewarding for the average person.

What about Cloud Mining? What is it and is it profitable?

Mining hardware is not only expensive, but it needs to be replaced with newer hardware often to keep up with the rising difficulty. Add to this the cost of electricity to run and cool the hardware. Most people can’t afford it.

But what if you could rent it?

At first glance, cloud mining seems like a great solution. Since you can’t afford all the mining hardware yourself, you contract with someone else who has some they’re willing to share. You lease their extra computing power and they run it for you at their facility, which is usually located somewhere where electricity is cheap. When the term of the lease (typically one year) is up, you can terminate the contract, continue it, or upgrade it so you have access to even more computing power. All the while, you are earning BTC with the computing power you leased.

Most people who get into these contracts fail to profit substantially (or at all). The cloud mining companies may be outright scams with no (or very little) actual hardware. Or the purchaser overestimates the amount of money they can earn with their leased equipment and ends up with little (or even negative) profit at the end of the term. Those that profit typically only do so due to the increase in the value of BTC over the lease term. If you’re going to profit from increasing value, you’d be better off just buying BTC on an exchange and holding it instead of investing in mining (cloud or otherwise).

So is it really too late to make good money mining Bitcoin?

If you don’t have access to serious start-up capital, Yes. BTC mining has evolved beyond the ability’ of most people to participate. It is an industry now, with startup costs worthy of that status.

What is bitcoin? Is it related to Intel?

What is bitcoin

Is it a currency? Is it a computer program?

Short answer: Bit coin is a way to send, receive, and store value on the internet without the involvement or permission of banks, payment processors, or other third parties. If you’re thinking this sounds a lot like cash, you’re right. Bitcoin is, among other things, cash for the internet.

Long Answer: When someone says the word “Bitcoin” they could be referring to one of several related concepts. Yes, Bitcoin (BTC) is a currency much like the US Dollar (USD) or the Euro (EUR). You can spend it. You can save it.

However, there are some interesting and substantial differences between Bitcoin and these other currencies, and we’ll discuss some of those throughout the book.
Bitcoin is also a method for tracking ownership of currency by updating globally distributed ledger. There’s a lot of meaning in that last sentence, so let’s break it down. If you have a bank account, the bank is keeping track of how much money you have in it. They keep the ledger. You’re probably keeping own ledger as well, but the bank has your money, so theirs is the one that matters in this example.

When you buy something for ten dollars with your debit card, your bank removes ten dollars from their ledger and the merchant’s bank adds ten dollars to theirs. Now imagine that instead of multiple banks with multiple ledgers, there was only one bank with one ledger. When you buy something, the one bank that both you and the merchant share updates its one ledger, showing that ten dollars have changed ownership from you to the merchant. Now erase the bank and replace it with a network of computers communicating over the internet. Instead of representing Dollars or Euros, values in the ledger are called bitcoins. That is the Bitcoin network.

Note: Since the same word refers to both the currency and the computer network, I will use “Bitcoin” (note the capital “B”) when referring
to the network, and “bitcoin” (lowercase) when talking about the unit of currency.

Also, the abbreviation “BTC” always refers to the currency, never to the network.

What Is The Blockchain?

The ledger mentioned above has a name: the Blockchain. The name comes from the way it is maintained. Transactions are not written individually, but in blocks or collections of many transactions. The Bitcoin blockchain is:

Complete. It contains every Bitcoin transaction ever made, all the way back to the very first one.

Unchangeable. I hesitate to use the word “impossible”, but it is extremely difficult to modify a Bitcoin transaction once it has been written to the ledger. Not only that, but every block of transactions makes harder to change the blocks that came before it. If a transaction has over six blocks written on top of it, it is essentially unchangeable.

Public. The Blockchain is not secret; anyone can view it and its contents online. Does this mean that people can view your Bitcoin transactions? Yes. You can look up any Bitcoin transaction (even ones that aren’t yours) and see related transactions which came before and after it.

However, the only information in the ledger is Bitcoin addresses (consider them to be like account numbers for now), transaction IDs, timestamps and amounts. You do not see names or items purchased. You do not see information that would allow you to assume someone’s identity or conduct transactions using their money.

You just see a record of BTC moving from one set of addresses to another.
Distributed. There isn’t just one copy of the Bitcoin ledger tucked away on a server. There are thousands of copies, each identical (and kept that way by the network).

Introduction: Bitcoin and Intel technology

Bitcoin: A Simple Introduction is an entry-level primer for new users. The intended audience for this book is someone who has just heard about Bitcoin and has only a vague (and perhaps flawed) notion of what it is. Maybe they heard about it from an excited friend who wants them to invest. Maybe they heard it from a customer that has asked them to start accepting Bitcoin for payment.

Maybe they saw a headline in a financial magazine or heard it in a keynote
speech at a conference. Or perhaps they saw a “Bitcoin” button as an option when buying something online. Wherever they came across it, Bitcoin is now in their circle of awareness. It is an itch that needs to be scratched. The flame of curiosity has been kindled and they want to know more.

Sadly, the first sources of information these people are likely to come across aren’t meant for them. They are meant for developers or academics or IT professionals. These books go into great detail about concepts that are both irrelevant and confusing to the average new user. There is nothing wrong with these books, but they are not what the new or perspective Bitcoin user needs. These people are not developers. They are not cryptographers. They don’t work in IT. To them, the words “private key” and “hard fork” are physical objects that have nothing to do with computers or software. And “hashrate” is just flat out gibberish.

The Bitcoin community goes out of its way to teach people new meanings for these words, and that is a mistake. People don’t want to learn a new language. They don’t want to learn about encryption or other concepts that have no point of reference in their everyday activities. They just want to know what all this “Bitcoin” fuss is about.

This book is for them.

It is not a detailed technical examination of code and concepts. Nor is it a step-by-step tutorial of how to back up a wallet or mine bitcoin. It is an explanation in everyday language of what Bitcoin is, how it works, and what makes it special. It contains no technical jargon. I avoid even the “correct” names for concepts if those names would be confusing or unfamiliar. For example, I use the phrase “public ledger” much more often than “Blockchain”, and refer to “hashrate” as “computing power” in the rare instances where I mention it at all. The words “cryptocurrency” and “private key” do not appear in this text outside of this introduction.

Yes, I over-simplify some concepts and ignore others if they are beyond what a new user needs to know or is likely to ask. I use some flawed but “accurate-enough” analogies and examples that may make experienced Bitcoin enthusiasts cringe.
All of this is intentional. Every improper term or contrived example is a decision made for the sake of simplicity.
Likewise, I kept the style of the book light and informal, with a question-and-answer format that is more appealing than the rigid format of a textbook. While this may invite people to skip to whatever question they have at the moment, but the book should be read from start to finish.
Some of the answers to questions later in the book expand on answers to earlier ones.
For the target audience: I hope you find this book useful and enjoyable. For the more experienced reader: I hope you remember what it was like to be a newbie and understand the trade-offs I’ve made. You may not be the target audience, but your boss, your lawyer, and the guy running the register at the coffee shop almost certainly are. I hope you find this book informative enough to consider buying them a copy.

Thank You In Advance For Reading.